By Saartje Verbeke
The ebook presents an summary of the alignment styles present in glossy Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the proposal of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The e-book bargains an intensive dialogue of earlier methods to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The publication is an intensive synchronic research of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.
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Additional resources for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages
Klimov 1974; Tuite et al. 1985). One type of semantic alignment is indeed based on an active-stative and agent-patient distinction (cf. Nichols 1990; Mithun 1991). In an active-stative construction, the semantics of the verb determines the argument coding. , ‘dance’, ‘jump’ and most transitive verbs), S is coded in the same way as A. , ‘fall’, ‘sleep’), S is coded in the same way as O. , whether S is agentive or patientive) determine the coding; for instance, in John falls, John may fall either intentionally, to draw attention, or John may accidentally stumble and fall (cf.
The only apparent difference is that the nominative contrasts with the accusative in an accusative pattern, whereas the absolutive is in opposition to the ergative. However, the terminology of nominative and/or absolutive is confusing in languages in which both accusative and ergative patterns occur because two different names can designate an identical form-function unit (Creissels 2009: 448), namely, the S-argument. Moreover, in semantic alignment, only non-agentive S-arguments are in the nominative case.
Bickel explains as follows: In general, then, a GR [grammatical relation] is defined as the set of arguments that is selected by a construction for a particular syntactic purpose, for example, for agreement rules or case government. This means that an argument can bear as many GRs as it enters constructions in a given syntactic context, and these GRs need not be the same across constructions. How GRs are selected, how they are defined for each construction, to what degree their distribution overlaps across constructions, how types of GRs correlate with each other, and how they are distributed in the languages of the world – these are the core issues that define research in GR typology.