By Godehard Link

The philosophical strategy of this quantity is principally structuralist, utilizing logical instruments to enquire the formal constitution of varied forms of gadgets in our international, as characterized through language and as systematised by way of philosophy. This quantity quite often analyses the structural homes of collections or pluralities (with purposes to the philosophy of set theory), homogeneous items like water, and the semantics and philosophy of occasions. This ebook thereby enhances algebraic paintings that has been performed on different philosophical entities, i.e. propositions, homes, kin, or occasions. situated within the triangle of language, good judgment and philosophy, this quantity is exclusive in combining the assets of alternative ?elds in an interdisciplinary firm. 1/2 the fourteen chapters of this quantity are unique papers, complementing the gathering of the author's formerly released essays at the topic.

Show description

Read or Download Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy PDF

Similar semantics books

Lexical-Semantic Relations: Theoretical and practical perspectives (Lingvisticæ Investigationes Supplementa)

This selection of articles sketches the complexity of the topic of lexical-semantic kinfolk and addresses semantic, lexicographic and computational matters on an array of which means family members in several languages. It brings jointly numerous linguistic stories at the contextualised development of synonymy and antonymy in discourse.

Code Biology: A New Science of Life

This publication is the learn of all codes of lifestyles with the normal equipment of technology. The genetic code and the codes of tradition were recognized for a very long time and symbolize the ancient starting place of this e-book. what's particularly new during this box is the research of all codes that got here after the genetic code and ahead of the codes of tradition.

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Identity

The Routledge instruction manual of Language and id offers a transparent and accomplished survey of the sphere of language and id from an utilized linguistics standpoint. 41 chapters are organised into 5 sections masking: theoretical views informing language and id stories key concerns for researchers doing language and identification reports different types and dimensions of id identification in language studying contexts and between language newbies destiny instructions for language and identification reviews in utilized linguistics Written through experts from worldwide, each one bankruptcy will introduce an issue in language and id stories, offer a concise and significant survey, within which the significance and relevance to utilized linguists is defined and comprise extra examining.

Additional resources for Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy

Sample text

Tigers are striped. a. In revolutionary France high positions were occupied by members of political clubs. In revolutionary Prance there were high positions that were occupied by members of political clubs. b. (8) a. b. Whales will be extinct before long, Tranquilizers are widespread. Sentence (6a) has a strict universal meaning: every horse is a mammal. (6b) can only be said to be "quasi-universal": most tigers (or all typical tigers) are striped. (7a) has again the quasi-universal reading: A high position during the French revolution was, as a rule, occupied by a member of some political club.

P(a®b®c®d) ^ *P(b®d) a. b. (All) water is wet. \/x (Px —> Qx) (44) a. b. The water of the Rhine is dirty. Q (p,xPx) Px: x is (a quantity of) Rhine water (45) a. b. This ice cube is water. P LX(X > a) (46) a. b. The gold in Smith's ring is old, but Smith's ring is not old. 2 The Logic of Plurals and Mass Terms (LPM) (43) (contraction) Px: x is (a quantity of) water a: this ice cube; Px: as in (43) LPM is a first order predicate calculus with the usual logical constants '-i', 'V, 'A', '->•', 'o', 'V, '3', the description operator denoted by V, and the abstraction operator 'A'15 The syntactic variables are, for formulas of LPM, '$'> '^'5 'x'; for individual terms, 'a', '&', 'c'; for variables, 'a;', 'j/', V; for (1-place) predicates, 1P\ 1Q\ These symbols can also appear with primes and indices.

B. The animals died. So every animal died, *Q(a*xPx) => Vx (Px -> Qx) For non-distributive predicates we have, of course, no such result, witness carry: a® b might be in the extension of carry while a or b alone is not. Notice that these predicates enter formalizations unstarred. To illustrate, (31) a. b. The children gather around their teacher. , distributive predicates working on plural terms have to be starred, all the other predicates must not be. For distributivity seems to be a lexical feature.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.99 of 5 – based on 32 votes