By Irving Maltzman
Alcoholism: A evaluate of Its features, Etiology, Treatment,and Controversies offers a correct photograph of the present kingdom of study and therapy effectiveness within the box of alcoholism. utilizing compelling proof, Irving Maltzman describes how the sphere has been distorted via the habit treatment method.
A exceptional experimental psychologist on the collage of California, l. a., Professor Maltzman has written a finished, vital paintings marked through incisive argument. Alcoholism is a wonderful reference for teachers in addition to execs operating in addictions treatment.
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Additional resources for Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, Treatments, and Controversies
Especially important are an individual's processes associated with drinking: expectations about the effect of drinking; expectations of its effects on behavior (it makes me more powerful, it makes me sexy, it makes me better). In a real sense, expectations exert their effect regardless of what alcohol actually does. (Nathan, 1985, p. 169). Consider the assertion, "the approach focuses on the observable characteristics of behavior ... " in relation to the claim that: "Especially important are an individual's processes associated with drinking: expectations about the effect of drinking; expectations of its effects on behavior...
1980). But even this seven percent long-term nonproblem drinking estimate is questionable in the Rand Report. The fact that subjects were drinking nonproblematically at these two points does not ensure that they were drinking in this fashion throughout the entire follow-up period. Moreover, the authors of the Rand study readily admitted that their quantity-frequency measure was invalid in the sense that actual consumption was underreported by roughly 25 percent. Adjusting their long-term non problem drinking rate for substantial underreporting of consumption and for other factors leads one to a long-term nonproblem drinking estimate of three percent, exactly what Pettinati and colleagues (1982) found in their four-year follow-up study.
The above studies imply that before individuals are permitted to participate in controlled drinking treatment studies they should receive neuroimaging assessments demonstrating that there are no structural or functional brain dysfunctions present. Urgently needed are studies relating the dysfunctional brain physiology to behavior. , Berman, Illowsky, & Weinberger, 1988; Weinberger, Berman, & Zec, 1986). Similar studies and others are needed with alcoholics after varying periods of sobriety as well as alcoholics, problem and social drinkers, sober and while under the influence.