By Jeffrey M. Paige

Paige' agrarian revolution supplied a theoretical framework which creatively explores the linkage among types of monetary and social association and collective political events

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Where all men are reduced to approximately the same level of poverty, leadership must depend on persuasion. charm, strength, cunning, or some other personal quality, not on the social status of accumulated property. All these characteristics of payment in wages are of course a result of the undifferentiated and largely unskilled occupational structure of wage labor in export agriculture, and other wage systems with greater prospects for upward mobility and greater internal stratification would establish incentives for individual, not collective action.

I don't know," the smart one replies. " 41 In a competitive economy in which land, flocks, and h~rds are the only important form of wealth, protection of property becomes almost an obsession. George M. Foster, "Peasant Society and the Image of Limited Good," American Anthropologist, 67 (April 1965),293-315. 38 Edward C. Banfield, The Moral Basis of a Backward Society (New York: The Free Press, 1958), pp. 83-101. 39 Ibid" p, 83, 40 Harris, Cullllre, p. 476, 41 Banfield, Moral Basis, p, 120. 37 Agrarian Revolution 32 Though economic gains cannot be made except at the expense of others, there usually exists a range of wealth even within the poorest peasant communities.

The owners of industrial and commercial capital can, however, afford to make concessions to their workers. Advances in agricultural technology can lead to increases in productivity and a subsequent increase in profits. The industrial plantation can increase its efficiency by investment in machiriery and can substitute machinery, for labor. he labor force. Not only does the owner of the industrial plantation benefit from any improvements in agricultural technology, but he has the economic resources to invest in such improvements.

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