By R. D. Grillo
This was once the 1st anthropological monograph to have dealt at size with the labour strength of an important East African undefined. it's a examine of the African staff of the East African Railways and Harbours stationed at Kampala, Uganda, and dwelling at the Railway-owned Nsambya housing property. Set within the years 1964-5, presently after Uganda's and Kenya's Independence, the publication explores the various results for African migrant employees of the alterations affecting their society. Dr Grillo describes how falling costs for basic agricultural items, academic enlargement and emerging wages have created a excessive call for for employment. these lucky sufficient to discover paintings get pleasure from a comparatively excessive lifestyle. partially as a result, the Railway labour strength has turn into stabilised with a low turnover of staff, nearly all of whom deliver other halves and kids to dwell on the town. they're, even though, nonetheless migrants who retain social and monetary ties with their parts of foundation. via pleasing frequent and private responsibilities, participants continue a place inside of an 'ethnic' approach which gives one framework for relationships of cohesion and competition. The itself with its work-units, occupational teams and grading procedure presents one other.
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Additional resources for African Railwaymen: Solidarity and Opposition in an East African Labour Force (African Studies (No. 10))
RSF Grade VII, Loco Shed, Kampala; Clerk, Grade IX, Goods Shed, Mombasa. e. ). The sphere of competence is defined by reference to the organisational unit in which the post is established and by the Staff Regulations (see below) which specify the tasks the occupant is to carry out. At any point in time the number of persons each department may employ in total, at each depot, and in each grade, is in theory limited by what is termed the departmental establishment. Through time the number of posts that make up the establishment may change and at any one time the departmental strength may be above or more usually below its official establishment.
Evidence, however, suggests that the proportion of the population wanting work also increased. This again is not unexpected, for during this period, which coincided with falls in world prices for primary products, wages increased much more rapidly than earnings from agriculture. If, as may be accepted, the demand for employment on the part of the African peasant farmer is related to the availability of acceptable returns from agriculture, then a decline in the latter would produce a greater propensity to seek work in the wage sector.
This provides on retirement at age 55 a monthly pension equal to half the basic salary of the grade on which the worker retires. This scheme was introduced in 19'£4 when it replaced the Provident Fund, a form of saving in which the employee contracted to have part of his salary each month put aside, to which the EARH added an equal amount. Some employees who joined before 1954 are still in this scheme, though all those who entered subsequently are in the Pension Fund. A number of welfare services are also provided of which the most important are the Railway Clubs.