By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of an exhilarating annual sequence offers vital new advancements within the psychology in the back of concerns within the legislation and its functions. mental conception is used to discover why many present felony rules and strategies will be useless or counterproductive, with targeted emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects can be encouraged, occasionally resulting in injustice. specialist students make techniques for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for study inquiries on themes and wanted coverage adjustments. subject matters integrated during this preliminary providing have not often been thought of in such an in-depth model or are wanting severe re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to real and fake confessions.
- A accomplished review of showups.
- The weapon concentration influence for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of legal jury directions.
- Structured danger overview and criminal selection making.
- Children’s participation in criminal lawsuits: pressure, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that would symbolize the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislation will curiosity psychology and criminal specialists in addition to practising psychologists, and should motivate clean considering because the fields proceed to interact.
Read or Download Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 PDF
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Additional info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
2010 for review). , only at the beginning versus at any time during questioning; only the right not to initiate the conversation versus the right not to respond to questions), and others. Among the most important of such misunderstandings are those of the full implications of waiver: what one will be subjected to during interrogation, the risks of self-incrimination imposed by the powerful forces of interrogation, and the consequences of self-incrimination. Minority Understanding of Miranda Rights There is substantial reason to believe that minorities may be more vulnerable to compliance with police demands to submit to questioning through the three aforementioned mechanisms of impaired understanding of actual rights (awareness and understanding, beliefs concerning their actual availability in real police interactions, and expected police reactions should they try to invoke them), as well as reduced belief that such rights will be honored by police, and greater fears of consequences of noncompliance.
To the extent minority suspects live in high crime areas among other young men dressed largely similarly, in line with group or gang norms and colors, they are at risk of suspicion based on such chance resemblance to the actual perpetrators. Police are likely to bring the witness to the location of the suspect (or vice versa) and subject the suspect to a “cold-show” in which eyewitnesses are asked to look at the suspect and indicate whether he is the perpetrator or not. The well-known clothing bias (Steblay, Dysart, Fulero, & Lindsay, 2003) in such single suspect eyewitness identifications, combined with enhanced rates of witness false identifications of cross-racial targets (Brigham, Bennett, Meissner, & Mitchell, 2007), places minority suspects at enhanced risk of misidentification (see Lawson & Dysart, 2014 for demonstration of this combined impact).
These are strategies widely used by influence professionals of all sorts, and have been shown to induce compliance in a wide variety of social settings (see Cialdini, 2008; Davis, 2008, 2010; Davis & O’Donohue, 2004 for reviews). As such, it is not surprising that the majority (roughly 2/3) of interrogated suspects do confess (Faller, Birdsall, Henry, Vandervort, & Silverschanz, 2001: Feld, 2006; Leo 1996a, 1996b; Softley, 1980). The mere occurrence of interrogation is a risk factor for false confession.