By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.)
Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly stories within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in a number of languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, sleek Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identity of adjectives as a different lexical class in Mandarin chinese language. one other 4 contributions study various features within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and element in adjectives. This quantity should be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.
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Extra info for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics
Therefore, it is tempting to trace down their semantic and syntactic properties to their morphological properties, more specifically to the difference between the long and the short (Case-Number-Gender) inflections. In Aljović (2000 Chapter 2) I propose an account whereby different semantic, syntactic and morphological properties of short and long adjectives in BCS reflect the structural complexity of the noun phrase in which they appear. 6. See Aljović (2000, 2002) for more details and arguments.
This means that the structure underlying the noun phrases in (21a/b) must be different from the structures underlying the noun phrases in (20a/b) or (17a/b). In other words, in (21a/b) we have a structure of coordinated nominal projections where the first two nouns have been elided ([jedan [dugi zid] [visoki zid] [debeli zid]]), and not a structure involving three coordinated adjectives in front of a single noun. 2, only the former type of structure will produce the split reading, unlike the latter which will exclude it.
The thick one among high walls’, or with comma intonation and no hierarchy at all11). In (20), the orders (a) and (b) are equally acceptable and do not contrast in any way. Modification by long multiple adjectives shows all properties of stacked adjectives, while short multiple adjectives behave as asyndetically coordinated adjectives. It is now important to correlate the following two observations about long adjectives: First, long adjectives have independently been shown to occupy the Spec positions of distinct functional heads; second, it is precisely these adjectives that show ordering restrictions – a major reason according to Scott, not to consider such adjectives as adjuncts.