By John Van Seters

The basis for all examine of biblical legislations is the idea that the Covenant Code is the oldest criminal code within the Hebrew Bible and that each one different legislation are revisions of that code. This ebook units forth the unconventional speculation that these legislation within the covenant code which are just like Deuteronomy and the Holiness Code are in truth later than either one of those, and hence cannot be taken because the starting place of Hebrew legislations.

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Extra info for A Law Book for the Diaspora: Revision in the Study of the Covenant Code

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Any traces of lateness are dismissed as redactional additions. Deuteronomy is always seen to be later because it is first assumed to be later. With respect to assertion 2, this seems to completely contradict assertion 1 by the admission that the Covenant Code is dependent upon the Ten Commandments, which is increasingly recognized as a Dtr composition. If they are so vital to the Covenant Code and if they are so closely attached to the context of the deity speaking to Moses at Sinai, a context that is also increasingly viewed as “Deuteronomistic,” then the two principles are hard to maintain The History of Research on the Covenant Code 25 together.

Finally, he engages in a synoptic comparison of the laws themselves. I will try briefly to summarize his results. Those laws that deal with the major Deuteronomic themes are presented primarily in second-person singular. They are in only two types: apodictic and “pseudocasuistic” (“if-you”); the simple forms are often augmented with secondary clauses and hortatory additions. The apodictic laws tend to be positive and connected with cultic matters, whereas the noncultic material is in the pseudocasuistic form.

A. 49 In his introduction, 20 A Law Book for the Diaspora Chamberlain lays out the problem of a comparison between the two codes as a formcritical one, in terms of both the smaller forms explored by Alt and his successors but also the larger covenant form so much in current discussion at that time. ”50 After an extensive review of the history of research, he summarizes his results, as follows: 1) The broad consensus in Old Testament studies until recently placed non-casuistic law in the framework of covenant proclamation .

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